private universities


private universities
(minban daxue)
Minban daxue, or non-governmental universities, first emerged in China in the early 1980s, a product and integral part of the reform programme. Today, there are minban daxue in almost every province of China. There are two major categories of minban daxue: those that can grant academic degrees and those that cannot. In 2002, there were only 105 minban daxue in the first category. Students who study at those that cannot grant academic degrees have to take government-sponsored examinations in order to get a degree. Minban daxue are quite different from the private universities that existed in China before 1949 in their subjection to tight government control. The government maintains the right to approve the founding of a minban daxue. Before 1949, there were many churchaffiliated private universities in China.
Today, the government will .not permit any religious group to get involved in the founding of a minban daxue. The government also decides what kind of students a minban daxue can admit, what programmes they can offer, and finally, whether or not it can grant degrees to its students. What makes the minban daxue non-governmental or private is mainly the fact that they do not receive money from the government.
Generally speaking, minban daxue are much smaller in size than public universities. Most of their students are those who fail to get into a public university. Most faculty members are temporary or part-time: many of them are retired professors or professors of public universities who want to earn extra income. Their campuses and buildings are less fancy than those of public universities, and their programmes are limited to technical and professional studies at the undergraduate level. Despite these obvious deficiencies, the rise of minban daxue signals, at least nominally, the end of the total government control over higher education, and the future of minban daxue looks bright.
Deng, Peng (1997). Private Education in Modern China. New York: Praeger.
HAN XIAORONG

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Private Universities in Iraq — There are 18 private universities in Iraq, which are called University Colleges. They are: *Ahlulbait University College *Al Rafidain University College *Al Turath University College *Al Mansour University College *Al Maarif University College… …   Wikipedia

  • List of private universities in Canada — Private universities are limited in number in Canada, a list is offered here. British Columbia *Quest University *Trinity Western University *University Canada West Manitoba *Canadian Mennonite University *University College of the North New… …   Wikipedia

  • Universities in Bangladesh — represent about 75 academic bodies out of a total of about 104 institutions represent the conventional higher education institution (HEI) in Bangladesh. Segmented by management and financial structure, these include 29 public universities, 56… …   Wikipedia

  • Universities — • The principal Catholic foundations have been treated in special articles; here the general aspects of the subject are presented Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Universities     Universities …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Universities in Nicaragua — include two principal universities, the Central American University (Universidad Centroaméricana UCA) and the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua UNAN), are viewed as strongholds of Sandinista… …   Wikipedia

  • Private university — Unlike public universities, private universities generally do not receive direct operational funding from national or subnational governments and thus rely on private sources of funding, such as tuition fees and alumni donations. Depending on the …   Wikipedia

  • Universities Australia — (formerly the Australian Vice Chancellors Committee ) is an organisation founded in Sydney in May 1920, which attempts to advance higher education through voluntary, cooperative and coordinated action. After being based for a time in both Sydney… …   Wikipedia

  • Private student loan (United States) — Private Student Loans A private student loan is a financing option for higher education in the United States that can either supplement or replace federally guaranteed loans such as Stafford loans, Perkins loans and PLUS loans. These are… …   Wikipedia

  • UNIVERSITIES — Jewish interest in education, including its advanced forms, goes back to the early history of the people. Specialists in the history of education, both Jewish and non Jewish, have long recognized that the academy of ancient Judea and Babylonia… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Private school — For the film of the same name, see Private School (film). Private schools, also known as independent schools or nonstate schools,[1] are not administered by local, state or national governments; thus, they retain the right to select their… …   Wikipedia